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A Promise Is a Promise
a story about Jephthah

by Sophia Prinsloo with Barbara Wilmerton Haas

Text Version | Afrikaans | Italian

Jephthah led his army to battle against the Ammonites

Have you ever made an unnecessary, hasty promise you were sorry about afterwards but had to keep?

Always remember: God honors us when we keep our promises.


[Shouting loudly and angrily:] “JEPHTHAH! JEPHTHAH!”

Jephthah stared into the angry faces of his brothers Jephthah was lying peacefully in his room when the loud, unfriendly yelling of familiar voices outside his door jolted him awake from his deep sleep. Jumping to his feet onto the cold, dirt floor, he quickly grabbed his sword as the unwelcome shouting continued.

“Jephthah, come outside immediately! We need to talk to you!”

As he opened the door, Jephthah stared into the angry faces of his brothers. Actually, they were his half-brothers.

Jephthah flees from his brothers “Jephthah,” they threatened, “you think that just because you're the oldest son of our father, Gilead, you'll inherit his possessions. Well, we have news for you. You will NOT! And we will make SURE of that! You're an illegitimate child because your mother is not married to our father. You have no right to our inheritance! We're giving you a chance to flee or this will be the end of you!”

Outnumbered by his brothers, Jephthah didn't want to quarrel with them, so he carefully bolted the door behind him, shoved a few belongings into a bag and then fled from his brothers to the land of Tob.

Determined not to let the sin of his father ruin his life or cause him to pity himself, Jephthah put all his energy into becoming a brave hero, skillful with the sword. A gang of scoundrels noticed how good he was with the sword and decided to join him. He became their leader and led them on raids, reaching beyond the borders of Israel.


For 18 years of Jephthah's life, Israel found themselves in dire straits, brought upon themselves for doing wrong in the eyes of the Lord. They had forsaken the Holy One of Israel and gone their own way, serving idols, which were an abomination in the sight of God.

The Lord became so angry with Israel that He no longer protected them against heathen nations, such as the Philistines and the Ammonites. During this time, the Ammonites marched across the Jordan River to come, fight against the children of Israel at Mizpah in Gilead. The Israelites were in great distress and extremely afraid when they heard enemy armies were coming to fight them.

Trembling — their skin crawling with terror — they humbled themselves before God, falling with their faces to the ground, and cried out with bitter tears of repentance, “We have sinned against You, oh Lord, by serving other gods. We beg You to forgive us. Please have mercy on us and save us!”

But the Lord would hear none of it. “Why do you bother to come to Me and ask for help? Go, ask those idols you love so much! You don't want to serve ONLY Me, as I have commanded, so why must I help you? I have helped you countless times before and still you choose to serve your dead and worthless idols.”

In desperation, the children of Israel cried, “Lord, You can punish us any way You wish but please rescue us now!”

Then the whole Hebrew nation got rid of every idol in their midst and served only the Lord. Seeing their commitment, the Lord had mercy on them. He had compassion on them because of their misery, and He began stirring up hearts to set a plan in place, to save Israel from the Ammonites.

So the elders of Gilead came together. “Who will lead our forces against the Ammonites?” they asked each other. “Whoever volunteers must be our leader.” They reasoned back and forth until one wise, old man said, “Let's go, ask that mighty warrior Jephthah. He's skillful with a sword and he knows how to do battle. Let him be our leader.”

Everyone agreed so a company of elders were sent to the land of Tob to fetch Jephthah.


“Jephthah, Jephthah! Please come, help us fight against the Ammonites!” they begged him.

“Why do you come to me?” Jephthah asked. “You hate me! You have driven me out of my father's house. Why do you ask me for help when you are in trouble?”

“Please listen. We really need a great warrior like you to lead us in battle against the Ammonites. We promise, with a solemn oath before the Lord, that if you will be our commander-in-chief against them, we will also make you leader of all the people of Gilead.”

Having faith that this was the Lord's doing, Jephthah listened and followed them to Mizpah. There in Mizpah, everything that was promised to Jephthah was repeated before the Lord and all the people. So Jephthah became their commander-in-chief and leader of Gilead.


Before going to battle, Jephthah's first strategy was to try and reason with the King of Ammon. He sent messengers to him, wanting to know why the Ammonites were planning to attack the Israelites living in the land of Gilead.

The King of Ammon replied that Israel had stolen this land and he wanted it back peaceably.

Jephthah and his army Jephthah knew exactly how Israel had obtained the land and he also knew the King's words were not true. So he sent messengers to the King of Ammon with three reasons why Israel owned the land of Gilead:

“First of all, King of Ammon, Gilead was never the King of Ammon's land to begin with because Israel took it from the AmoRites, not the AmmoNites.

“Secondly, King of Ammon, it was the Lord our God Who gave the land of Gilead to us.

“Thirdly, King of Ammon, for 300 years since it became Israel's land, not one person contested our ownership of Gilead.”

He added, “I have not sinned against you, King of Ammon, but you have done me wrong to come, fight against me. Soon our Lord God, the one true and righteous Judge, will come, show which of us is right — Israel or Ammon.“

But the King of Ammon paid no attention to Jephthah's message. Instead, he prepared his troops for war.

At that time, the Spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah and he led his army across the lands of Gilead and Manasseh, past Mizpah in Gilead, to reach the army of the Ammonites. Jephthah knew the strength of the mighty Ammonite army and he really wanted the Lord's help. So just before he attacked the Ammonites, he made one, rash vow to the Lord:

“Lord, if You will let Israel conquer the Ammonites, then when we return home in peace, the first thing, coming out the door of my house to meet me, will belong to You. Or if nothing comes to meet me, I will sacrifice a burnt offering to You!”

Commander-in-Chief Jephthah and his army marched against the Ammonites, and the Lord led them to a huge victory over their enemies, helping them conquer twenty cities, reaching far and wide across the land. And that is the story of how the Israelites subdued Ammon.

The daughter of Jephthah comes out the door to meet her father

When Jephthah returned triumphantly to his home in Mizpah, who should come out to meet him but his daughter — his only child — dancing joyfully, playing the tambourine to welcome him.

When he saw her, he tore his clothes in anguish and wept bitterly, crying out, “Oh, my daughter! You bring me great sorrow. I am devastated because I have made a vow to the Lord, and I cannot take it back!” Jephthah knew what that meant. His only daughter had to be sent away, completely consecrated to the service of the Lord in the tabernacle. Never would she be able to marry or have children, meaning Jephthah would never have grandchildren or any descendants, something of utmost importance in Israel's culture.

But Jephthah's daughter, being just as honest and upright as himself, answered, “Father, you must do whatever you promised the Lord, for He has given you great victory over your enemies. But, first, do me a favor. Let me go up into the mountains with my girlfriends for two months to weep and mourn, because I will never marry and never be able to have a child.”

So he granted her request and sent her into the mountains with her female companions. After two months, she bravely returned home. Keeping his promise, Jephthah consecrated her solely to the Lord, according to his vow, and she never did marry. And so it became a custom that young women of Israel put aside four days each year to remember the consecration of the daughter of Jephthah, the Gileadite.

In the Book of Hebrews, Jephthah is mentioned as a great hero of faith.

“Why?” you ask.

Because he sacrificed his own earthly future to keep his vow to the Lord and, in keeping his promise, he secured his eternal future in heaven, by faith.

Dear young one, you can be a great hero of faith too. Be brave, be honest, be true to your word and have faith, because God loves you and has a great plan for your life and wants you to spend eternity in heaven with Him!



Always be true to your word.


1. Why did Jephthah's brothers chase him away?
2. Did Jephthah let his circumstances ruin his life?
3. Do you think Jephthah forgave his brothers before he became the leader of Gilead?
4. Was Jephthah a man of his word?
5. Do you think Jephthah trusted his daughter to come back to him after two months in the mountains?
6. What does that say about his daughter?
7. Have you ever made a foolish promise? Did you keep it?


“Lord, who shall abide in thy tabernacle? who
shall dwell in thy holy hill?…He that sweareth
to his own hurt, and changeth not” (Psalm 15:1,4).


“Better is it that thou shouldest not vow, than
that thou shouldest vow and not pay” (Ecclesiastes 5:5).

“But above all things, my brethren, swear not,
neither by heaven, neither by the earth, neither
by any other oath: but let your yea be yea; and
your nay, nay; lest ye fall into condemnation” (James 5:12).


Can you think of something you want real badly? Is there a toy or gadget
you want your parents to get for you? Would you go so far as to promise them
anything if they would only buy it for you?

Do you want to be friends with someone so badly that you would do or promise
anything just to please them? Let's stop and think about it for a moment.
What kind of foolish promise could hurt you?

[After discussion:] God does not want us to make rash promises we can't keep
or don't intend to keep, and He doesn't want us to say things we don't mean
and then have to take back. God wants us to be like Him, to be truthful in
what we say and do.

Let's take time now to ask for God's forgiveness. Let's ask Him to remind us
next time we're tempted to say or do the wrong thing, to stop and ask ourselves,
“What would Jesus do?”


Dog and boy praying

Heavenly Father, forgive me where I have lied
and gone back on my word. Keep me from making
foolish and rash promises. Help me be honest with You
and others. Keep me true to my word and to You.
Give me power every hour to be true. In Jesus' Name. Amen.

Judges 10:6–11:40; Hebrews 11:32


Brothers of Jephthah chase him away — coloring page (online)
Jephthah's Daughter coloring page (online)
God receives and uses those who trust un Him (scroll down to lesson 1 online)
My Bible Stories Coloring Book 2 (with stickers)
Old Testament Hidden Picture Puzzles Coloring Book (reproducible)

Action Bible Coloring Book
Coloring Through the Bible (online)
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Bible Stories Kids Love Coloring Book (ages 2 to 4)
Big Book of Bible Story Coloring Pages for Elementary Kids

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My Gospel Story by Colors--Activity Book
The Awesome Coloring Book of Bible Comics
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The Super-Sized Book of Bible Verse Coloring Pages
Children's Bible Coloring Books


Jigsaw Puzzle (online)
A Promise Is a Promise Crossword Puzzle (online)
All Is in Order Jephthah Worksheet (online)
Be Careful What You Say Game (online)
Jephthah's Daughter Activities (See Lesson 5 online)
Kids of Integrity: Self-Control Activities (online)
Object Lesson (online)

Best Book of Bible Activities
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God Keeps His Promises (online)
Keep Me True, Lord Jesus (online)
O Be Careful Little Tongue What You Say (online)
Standing on the Promises (online)

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Adventures in Odyssey® Life Lessons Series #7: Honesty
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Jephthah's daughter: Old Testament Bible for children (online dramatized audio story)
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Story of Jephthah (watch online)
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Resources for Parents and Teachers

Character by God's Design: Volume 2 (Trust, Honesty, Obedience)
Digital Wait Training curriculum ages 14-18: Jephthah Obeys God
Father Jephthah Bible Story Teaching Skit (online)
Jephthah: An Historical Backdrop (online)
Jephthah Delivers Israel - Primary Lesson (online)
Jephthah Introduced - Beginner Lesson (online)
Lesson on Jephthah (See p.5-1 online)
Lessons from Jephthah's Vow (online)
Think Before You Speak Lesson (online)

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